The Port of Rotterdam and German steel companies thyssenkrupp Steel and HKM have begun to jointly investigate setting up international supply chains for hydrogen.
Together, the partners will explore hydrogen import opportunities via Rotterdam as well as a possible pipeline corridor between Rotterdam and thyssenkrupp Steel’s and HKM’s steel sites in Duisburg.
For decades, both steel companies have been importing coal, iron ore and other raw materials via their own terminals in Rotterdam using inland barges as well as rail to transport it to their blast furnaces in Duisburg.
Green hydrogen is a sustainable alternative to coal, oil and natural gas, and vast are necessary if Europe and Germany want to reduce CO2 emissions and become climate-neutral by 2050.
New, cross-border infrastructure is required to support the energy transition, especially additional pipeline structure is needed.
A concrete and significant demand for hydrogen from the steel industry as an alternative to coal as well as the options to store CO2 can work as a stimulus for the realisation of this infrastructure.
The Port of Rotterdam is already investigating the import of hydrogen from a large number of countries and regions all over the world.
Rotterdam is also setting up a carbon transport and storage system, Porthos, which is also being considered as a CO2 storage site for the production of blue hydrogen by the H2morrow steel project, which includes thyssenkrypp Steel as partner as well.
The cooperation between Rotterdam as Europe’s largest port and Duisburg as Europe’s largest steel site can have a signalling effect to establish supply chains for the energy transition, which can help to build an important sustainable European industry and logistics cluster.